The general shapes described here square and rectangular were used for horse radish until well into the 20th century. The lid sealed on the top of a Mason jar; a threaded metal ring held the lid down during the hot water processing. Other images of barrel and non-barrel mustard bottles are available by clicking on the following links. Click to see this entire original patent - illustrations and descriptive text. A couple other olive oil bottles offered by Illinois Glass are found at the top of right page in linked image.
The illustration to the right page 206 of the 1906 Illinois Glass Company bottle catalog shows some of the most common of these tall styles. See pages 208-211 of the which offered the standard barrel as well as about a dozen other shapes, including one that was beer mug shaped! There are exceptions of course, including some square jars and even those that were multi-paneled, ranging from 6 to 12 sides. Earlier may have distortions in the glass. Click on the following links for more images of the gothic pepper sauce bottle to the right: ;. As with all bottle making machines - semi-automatic or fully automatic - the finish was fully formed during this first set of machine processes. Never seen them before and love the hisory. As with just about everything in bottle dating and typing, there are exceptions to most trends, though that does not necessarily negate the utility of these trends when considered in hand with other information and diagnostic features.
These bottles have no distinctive manufacturing related markings on the base, though may have embossing present like the Empire bottle discussed later. Later bottles post-1920 or so were similar but machine-made. . These types are often referred to as pickle bottles, though were likely used for various small to medium sized food products that would fit through the moderately wide mouth. The pictured example is most likely one of the older Mellin's bottles dating from the 1890s to early 1900s. A few other companies utilized bottles of this style from at least the 1880s to well into the 1910s and possibly later, although the vast majority of the beehive sauce bottles encountered are from Durkee Zumwalt 1980; empirical observations.
They also incorporated aspects from two 1903 patents held by another inventor, Julius Landsberger: a metal lid with a permanently attached gasket. Presumably, many of those were made by. Lightning Jars Patented by Henry William Putnam Lightning jars, so named because they could be easily and quickly opened, solved the problem of canned foods acquiring a metallic taste due to contact with a metal lid. The development of the modern closure used in commercial packaging made it possible to cook foods at high temperatures, preserving and sealing these items so that they would remain fresh and could withstand shipping. Click on the following links to see images of the earlier jar courtesy of American Bottle Auctions : ;. Photo courtesy of Glass Works Auctions. The E-Z Seal is a lightening jar, a design which has a distinctive glass bubble lid or stopper clamped to the jar with a wire bail.
In fact, the glass stopper in the pictured bottle may have a hole to facilitate such an arrangement. Both have elaborate crisscross lattice work in the large lower body and smaller shoulder panels on three sides; the fourth side had the label and does not have the lattice. Brady, began a small operation producing zinc caps under the name of Wheeling Metal Plant. Co of New Jersey Patented July 1. The originals are only known in colorless glass which sometimes turns amethyst. An exception to this dating is that several different varieties of groove-ring wax seal Ball Standard jars were some of the first semi-automatic machine-made jars, being first produced in 1895 or 1896 and continuing until about 1912 Brantley 1975; Toulouse 1969a; Creswick 1987.
No awkward silences or anything on our first date. Don't rely on dates printed on the jar. This particular bottle has a rolled possibly applied? Lighting-type closures are found on various fruit jars made from as early as the late 1870s until at least the mid-20th century Toulouse 1969a; Roller 1983; Creswick 1987. These attributes are consistent with a manufacture during the 1850s or early 1860s. The Steamship Bertrand which sank in the Missouri River in April 1865 contained bottles of this same shape with original labels and packing crates indicating that they contained ground pepper with references on the label to other spices that the company made - and likely bottled in this type glass container - including cinnamon, mace, and white pepper Switzer 1974. Square is also the most common cross-section shape for gothic pickle bottles - a category covered earlier. The most commonly encountered types also have a molded ring on the lower neck, like the example above.
The new company made pressed tumblers utilizing a newly developed automatic press. Photo courtesy of Glass Works Auctions. We will be using a track hoe to dig further down into the well area to see what else we can possible locate. Mustard was also packaged in other shapes of ceramic and glass bottles examples discussed below though the barrel shape is the most closely associated with the product Switzer 1974; Zumwalt 1980. A lesser known though significant way of getting into the home was that canning jars were also frequently purchased by the food packing trade and sold to consumers with various food products packed inside.
This particular example has an inside threaded finish and glass stopper which is seen occasionally on English-made nursing bottles. Collectors of Avon bottles might be surprised to learn that the lids for their unique containers were made in Wheeling. The end product was remarkably consistent in weight, the quality was higher than that produced by hand and it effectively eliminated five workers, four of whom were highly skilled and highly paid. Prior to these inventions, corks were the most widely used closure and they were employed for medicines and liquors. It is machine-made by a blow-and-blow machine no valve mark , about 4. The bottle to the immediate right left side of the group is pontil scarred, has a crudely rolled finish, and produced in a hinge mold; features which would indicate a manufacturing date in the 1850s or early 1860s. The Globe jar closure utilized a glass lid with a hemispherical seat that matched up to a rounded cam on the end of the short lever which was attached to a moveable metal bail.